Journal Club april 2018

In the part with the review articles you will find interesting contributions on chest X-ray and thoracic tuberculosis, RBC transfusion in preterms, common gynaecological conditions, the microbiome, sleep disorders…

In the part with the clinical studies you may find the answer to these questions:

 

  • Can a major increase in inhaled corticosteroids prevent asthma exacerbations?
  • Can CRP and neutrophil analysis guide us in our decision to perform LP in neonatal sepsis?
  • How should we monitor children born to mothers with chorioamnionitis?
  • Can we predict the length of stay for very perterm babies?
  • How useful is digital rectal examination in functional constipation?
  • Are PPI associated with lower RTI in infants?
  • Is CMV often detected in colonic mucosa of children with IBD?
  • Can vomiting predict serious injury in the context of head trauma?
  • Can D-dimer screening prevent unnecessary CT scanning in the context of head trauma?
  • Does a gluten-free diet lead to obesity?
  • Does the diagnosis of ASS lead to fewer vaccinations in younger siblings?
  • To what injuries do hoverboards or the ingestion of fidget spinners lead?
  • What are the effects of prebiotic supplementations?
  • Is suicide very likely after episodes of deliberate self-harm in adolescents?
  • Can the amniotic fluid predict wheezing in infancy?
  • Is fecal calprotectin useful to predict NEC?
  • What are the diagnostic characteristics of ACNES?
  • What is the relation between prolonged breastfeeding and caries?
  • What is Clinically Significant Irritability in Early Childhood?

 

REVIEWS AND OPINION ARTICLES

Tramadol, breast feeding and safety in the newborn.

Palmer GM, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenopathy in children: a guide to chest radiography.

George A, et al.  Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Sep;47(10):1277-1282.

 

Imaging of thoracic tuberculosis in children: current and future directions.

Sodhi KS, et al.  Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Sep;47(10):1260-1268.

 

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Executive Summary of a Workshop.

Higgins RD, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 16.

 

Diagnosis delays: a threat for patients and researchers?

Launay E, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 15.

 

Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Preterm Infants: Current Evidence and Controversies.

Howarth C, et al.  Neonatology. 2018 Mar 16;114(1):7-16.

 

Candida auris, what do paediatricians need to know?

Warris A. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 15.

 

The paediatrician and the management of common gynaecological conditions.

Ritchie JK, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 15.

 

Please Test My Child for a Cancer Gene, but Don’t Tell Her.

Bester J, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 13.

 

The Role of the Microbiome in the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease.

Stiemsma LT, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 8. pii: e20172437.

 

Air pollution and asthma.

Vardoulakis S, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 8.

 

Sleep disorders during childhood: a practical review.

Ophoff D, , et al.  Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 3.

 

Status Complexicus? The Emergence of Pediatric Complex Care.

Cohen E, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar;141(Suppl 3):S202-S211.

 

Genomics for paediatricians: promises and pitfalls.

Hammond CL, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 24.

 

ORIGINAL CLINICAL STUDIES

Quadrupling Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose to Abort Asthma Exacerbations.

McKeever T, et al.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 8;378(10):902-910.

 

Quintupling Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Childhood Asthma Exacerbations.

Jackson DJ, et al.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 8;378(10):891-901.

 

C-reactive protein and immature-to-total neutrophil ratio have no utility in guiding lumbar puncture in suspected neonatal sepsis.

Goldfinch CD, et al.  J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Mar 30.

 

Bacterial Load and Molecular Markers Associated with Early-Onset Group B Streptococcus.: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Seedat F, et al.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Mar 27.

 

Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012.

Singh T, et al.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar 27.

 

Clinical Monitoring of Well-Appearing Infants Born to Mothers With Chorioamnionitis.

Joshi NS, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Estimating neonatal length of stay for babies born very preterm.

Seaton SE, et al.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar 27.

 

Antibiotic Overuse in Children with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Lower Respiratory Tract Infection.

van Houten CB, et al.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Yield and Examiner Dependence of Digital Rectal Examination in Detecting Impaction in Pediatric Functional Constipation.

Pradhan S, et al.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Children With Liver Diseases: a Systematic Review.

Rodijk LH, et al.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Proton Pump Inhibitors and Infant Pneumonia/Other Lower Respiratory Tract Infections: National Nested Case-control Study.

Blank ML, et al.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Detection of Cytomegalovirus in Colonic Mucosa of Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

El-Matary W, et al.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Vomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain Injury.

Borland ML, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Plasma D-dimer safely reduces unnecessary CT scans obtained in the evaluation of pediatric head trauma.

Langness S, et al.  J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Apr;53(4):752-757.

 

Urinary stone risk factors in the descendants of patients with kidney stone disease.

Dissayabutra T, et al.  Pediatr Nephrol. 2018 Mar 28.

 

Obesogenic habits among children and their families in response to initiation of gluten-free diet.

Levran N, et al.  Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 29.

 

Vaccination Patterns in Children After Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis and in Their Younger Siblings.

Zerbo O, et al.  JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Mar 26.

 

Pediatric Hoverboard and Skateboard Injuries.

Bandzar S, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 26.

 

Validation of a novel smartphone App for infant-physician verbal interaction in the outpatient department.

Wit NT, et al, Arch Dis Child Ed Pract Joke. 2018 Mar 17.

 

Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects after Home Birth and Early Postnatal Discharge.

Narayen IC, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 23.

 

The effects of prebiotic supplementation on weight gain, diarrhoea, constipation, fever and respiratory tract infections in the first year of life.

Shahramian I, et al.  J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Mar 26.

 

Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy in the Treatment of Pediatric Asthma: A Systematic Review.

Rice JL, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 23.

 

Neurocognitive outcomes in children following immersion: a long-term study.

Manglick MP, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 23.

 

Fidget Spinner Ingestions in Children-A Problem that Spun Out of Nowhere.

Reeves PT, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 20.

 

A Meta-Analysis of Gaze Differences to Social and Nonsocial Information Between Individuals With and Without Autism.

Frazier TW, et al.  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017 Jul;56(7):546-555.

 

Suicide After Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents and Young Adults.

Olfson M, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 19. pii: e20173517.

 

The Impact of Clinical Pathways on Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Otitis Media and Pharyngitis in the Emergency Department.

Dona D, et al.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Mar 14.

 

Accuracy of five formulae to determine the insertion length of umbilical venous catheters.

Lean WL, et al.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar 17.

 

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Nasal High Flow Therapy as Primary Support for Infants Born Preterm.

Huang L, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 15.

 

Standardized reporting of appendicitis-related findings improves reliability of ultrasound in diagnosing appendicitis in children.

Sola R Jr, et al.  J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Feb 8.

 

Metabolomic Profile of Amniotic Fluid and Wheezing in the First Year of Life-A Healthy Birth Cohort Study.

Carraro S, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 13.

 

Paediatric outcomes and timing of admission.

Ramsden L, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 15.

 

Mandatory imaging in the work-up of children suspected of having appendicitis reduces the rate of unnecessary surgeries.

de Castro SMM, et al.  J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Feb 17.

 

Refining the Use of Nasal High-Flow Therapy as Primary Respiratory Support for Preterm Infants.

Manley BJ, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 9.

 

Does size matter? Correlation of ultrasound findings in children without clinical evidence of acute appendicitis.

Wijayanayaka T, et al.  J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Feb 9.

 

Point-of-Care Fecal Calprotectin Monitoring in Preterm Infants at Risk for Necrotizing Enterocolitis.

Nakayuenyongsuk W, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 6.

 

Diagnostic characteristics of anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome in childhood.

Siawash M, et al.  Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 7.

 

Predicting inflammatory bowel disease in children with abdominal pain and diarrhoea: calgranulin-C versus calprotectin stool tests.

Heida A, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 7.

 

Long-term Treatment With Proton Pump Inhibitors Is Effective in Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

Gutiérrez-Junquera C, et al.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar 5.

 

Association of Severity of Coronary Artery Aneurysms in Patients With Kawasaki Disease and Risk of Later Coronary Events.

Miura M, et al.  JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Mar 5:e180030.

 

Prolonged breastfeeding and dental caries.

Isaacs D, et al.  J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Mar;54(3):333.

 

Clinical Predictors of Residual Sleep Apnea after Weight Loss Therapy in Obese Adolescents.

Van Eyck A, et al.  J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 1.

 

Identifying Clinically Significant Irritability in Early Childhood.

Wiggins JL, et al.  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 Mar;57(3):191-199.e2.

 

Psychosocial Effects of Parent-Child Book Reading Interventions: A Meta-analysis.

Xie QW, et al.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 27.

 

GUIDELINES AND BEST EVIDENCE

Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world.

Canadian Paediatric Society Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Nov;22(8):461-477.

 

Management of high blood pressure in children: similarities and differences between US and European guidelines.

Brady TM, et al.  Pediatr Nephrol. 2018 Mar 28.

 

Treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis in the pediatric patient: an evidence-based approach.

Munoz-Persy M, et al.  Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Mar 17.

 

Impact of acute otitis media clinical practice guidelines on antibiotic and analgesic prescriptions: a systematic review.

Deniz Y, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 3.

 

CASE REPORTS

Three-month-old infant with band-like hair loss on the occiput.

Zawar V, et al.  Arch Dis Child. 2018 Mar 14.

 

An Adolescent With Desquamation of Both Feet.

Jung YS, et al.  JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Mar 5.

 

Multiple grouped papules and vesicles on the finger of a 2-year-old girl.

 

[No authors listed] J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Mar;54(3):332.

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