Journal Club march 2018

In the part with the review and opinion articles, you can read interesting contributions on children in airplanes, head lice and dental caries. But for those of you who work with young doctors you can find great papers on the use of errors as teaching opportunities, the psychology of clinical decision making and the value of basic science for clinicians.

In the part with the clinical studies you could find the answer to the following questions:

 

  • Does your neonatal ibuprofen exposure affect your renal function during adolescence?
  • What is the prevalence of sexting in our youths?
  • What is the neurological consequence of PID?
  • Is there an advantage of subthreshold fototherapy in newborns?
  • When do we switch antibiotics in young children (and do we step down often enough)?
  • Do we over-diagnose Kawasaki disease?
  • What is the prevalence of occult bacteremia in infants with fever (PUO) or in infant who no longer have fever in A&E?
  • Do children have a higher epilepsy risk after influenza vaccination?
  • What is the influence of nutrient intake on brain growth in preterms?
  • Should we give high or standard dose of caffeine to prevent apnoea?
  • What is the natural course of labial adhesions in prepubertal girls?
  • Can lactobacilli prevent NEC?
  • How bad is digital media exposure for children?
  • Do obese children need the same dose of pantoprazole as non-obese peers?
  • How does CRP change the first two days of life?

 

REVIEWS AND OPINION ARTICLES

Fitness to fly in the paediatric population, how to assess and advice.

Israëls J, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 26.

 

Head lice infestations: A clinical update.

Cummings C, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb;23(1):e18-e24.

 

Recent advances in the management of childhood dental caries.

Innes NPT, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 20.

 

Failure Is an Option: Using Errors as Teaching Opportunities.

Beck JB, et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb 13.

 

The Psychology of Clinical Decision Making – Implications for Medication Use.

Avorn J. N Engl J Med. 2018 Feb 22;378(8):689-691.

 

Should basic science matter to clinicians?

Filewod NC, et al. Lancet. 2018 Feb 3;391(10119):410-412.

 

ORIGINAL CLINICAL STUDIES

Ibuprofen exposure in early neonatal life does not affect renal function in young adolescence.

Raaijmakers A, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar;103(2):F107-F111.

 

Prevalence of Multiple Forms of Sexting Behavior Among Youth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Madigan S, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Feb 26.

 

Sexting-Prevalence, Age, Sex, and Outcomes.

Englander E, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Feb 26.

 

Fractures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Are We Considering Abuse?

Lavin LR, et al. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2018 Feb 1

 

Neurologic Involvement in Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders.

Yildirim M, et al. J Child Neurol. 2018 Jan 1:883073817754176.

 

Efficacy of Subthreshold Newborn Phototherapy During the Birth Hospitalization in Preventing Readmission for Phototherapy.

Wickremasinghe AC, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Feb 26.

 

Initiating Phototherapy at Subthreshold Levels: The Slippery Slope.

Taylor JA, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Feb 26.

 

Safety of Oats in Children with Celiac Disease: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Lionetti E, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Mar;194:116-122.e2.

 

The diagnostic accuracy of presepsin in neonatal sepsis: a meta-analysis.

Bellos I, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 23.

 

Comparison of ultrasound versus computed tomography for the detection of kidney stones in the pediatric population: a clinical effectiveness study.

Roberson NP, et al. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Feb 23.

 

Switching Between Antibiotics Among Danish Children 0-4 Years of Age: A Nationwide Drug Utilization Study.

Reilev M, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Feb 22.

 

Acid suppressants for managing gastro-oesophageal reflux and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in infants: a national survey.

Bell JC, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 22.

 

Paediatric overdiagnosis modelled by coronary abnormality trends in Kawasaki disease.

Coon ER, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 22.

 

Cesarean Section on the Risk of Celiac Disease in the Offspring: The Teddy Study.

Koletzko S, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar;66(3):417-424.

 

Prevalence of Occult Bacteremia in Infants with Very High Fever Without a Source.

Gangoiti I, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Feb 16.

 

Failure to Predict High-Risk Kawasaki Disease Patients in a Population-Based Study Cohort in Germany.

Jakob A, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Feb 3.

 

Infliximab Plus Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) Versus IVIG Alone as Initial Therapy in Children with Kawasaki Disease Presenting with Coronary Artery Lesions: Is Dual Therapy More Effective?

Jone PN, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Feb 15.

 

Cognitive Outcomes of Children Born Extremely or Very Preterm Since the 1990s and Associated Risk Factors: A Meta-analysis and Meta-regression.

Twilhaar ES, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Feb 19.

 

Sepsis calculator implementation reduces empiric antibiotics for suspected early-onset sepsis.

Achten NB, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 18.

 

Parent-reported prevalence and persistence of 19 common child health conditions.

Liu T, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 16.

 

Epilepsy in Children After Pandemic Influenza Vaccination.

Håberg SE, et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb 15.

 

Invasive bacterial infections in young afebrile infants with a history of fever.

Mintegi S, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 15.

 

Tuberculin skin test versus interferon-gamma release assay in refugee children: A retrospective cohort study.

Elliot C, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb 14.

 

Nutrient Intake in the First Two Weeks of Life and Brain Growth in Preterm Neonates.

Schneider J, et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb 13.

 

Cerebrospinal Fluid Reference Values for Young Infants Undergoing Lumbar Puncture.

Thomson J, et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb 2.

 

High versus standard dose caffeine for apnoea: a systematic review.

Vliegenthart R, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Feb 7.

 

Management of suspected paediatric meningitis: a multicentre prospective cohort study.

Ramasamy R, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Feb 7.

 

Spontaneous resolution of labial adhesions in pre-pubertal girls.

Norris JE, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb 13.

 

Are Senna based laxatives safe when used as long term treatment for constipation in children?

Vilanova-Sanchez A, et al. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Jan 31.

 

Group B Streptococcal Cellulitis and Necrotizing Fasciitis in Infants: A Systematic Review.

Wojtera M, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Feb 7.

 

Routine Supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Risk of Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants.

Kane AF, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 2.

 

The Inverse Relationship between Digital Media Exposure and Childhood Flourishing.

Ruest S, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 1.

 

Risk of Death in Infants Who Have Experienced a Brief Resolved Unexplained Event: A Meta-Analysis.

Brand DA, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 2.

 

Clinical spectrum of paediatric coeliac disease: a 10-year single-centre experience.

Van Kalleveen MW, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 1.

 

Obese Children Require Lower Doses of Pantoprazole Than Nonobese Peers to Achieve Equal Systemic Drug Exposures.

Shakhnovich V, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Feb;193:102-108.e1.

 

Incidence of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis in high-income countries: a systematic review.

Battersby C, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar;103(2):F182-F189.

 

C reactive protein in healthy term newborns during the first 48 hours of life.

Perrone S, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar;103(2):F163-F166.

 

Lung ultrasound immediately after birth to describe normal neonatal transition: an observational study.

Blank DA, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Mar;103(2):F157-F162.

 

GUIDELINES AND BEST EVIDENCE

Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.

Rosen R, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Mar;66(3):516-554.

 

CASE REPORTS

A 17-year-old girl with fever and lymphadenopathy.

Wheaton L, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb;23(1):3-5.

 

A 13-year-old boy with fatigue and dizziness.

Al-Gazi MS, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Nov;22(8):421-423.

 

Hematometrocolpos in a Teenager.

Brito LGO, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Feb 22;378(8):e12.

 

Case 31-2017: A 19-Month-Old Girl with Failure to Thrive.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Feb 15;378(7):685-686.

 

Case 4-2018: A Newborn with Thrombocytopenia, Cataracts, and Hepatosplenomegaly.

Baltimore RS, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Feb 8;378(6):564-572.

 

Testicular Torsion in an Infant with Undescended Testis.

Iio K, et al. J Pediatr. 2018 Feb 8.

 

Airway Autoimmune Inflammatory Response (AAIR) Syndrome: An Asthma-Autoimmune Overlap Disorder?

Spencer CY, et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb 15.

 

No sweat, no genes: A diagnostic dilemma.

Bolia R, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb 13.

 

Afebrile seizures in infants: Never forget magnesium!

 

Minute M, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb 7.

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