Journal Club may 2019

In the part with the ‘review articles’ you can find interesting contributions on: steroids for croup, invasive group A Streptococci, relaxation for headache, machine learning, dry cough…

In the part with the ‘clinical studies’ you may find the answers to the following questions:

 

  • Does rhinovirus infection lead to recurrent wheeze?
  • Is it time to stop checking gastric residual volume in neonates?
  • Does Lactobacillus reuteri have a place in the treatment of gastro-enteritis?
  • Do we need to flush peripheral catheters?
  • Do fathers with a high IQ have more children with autism?
  • Is methotrexate a good drug to treat atopic dermatitis?
  • What are the main causes for infant suffocation during sleep?
  • How long does the DTP vaccine provide protection?
  • Are febrile seizures after vaccination worse than those unrelated to vaccination?
  • Do children with high levels of positive or negative emotionality exhibit more post-surgical pain?
  • Do viruses frequently mimic pertussis  in young infants?
  • What is the clinical presentation of Mycoplasma infections in children?
  • Is routine ultrasound for the hip necessary after breech presentation?
  • Does non-critical infections lead to intestinal permeability and endotoxemia?
  • Is breastfeeding associated with a healthier lipid profile in adolescence?
  • What are risk factors for post-extubation dysphagia?

 

REVIEWS, VIEWPOINTS AND OPINION ARTICLES

 

Glucocorticoids for Croup in Children.

Gates A, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 29.

 

The role of objective tests to support a diagnosis of asthma in children.

Danvers L, et al. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2019 Feb 28.

 

Invasive group A streptococcal disease: Management and chemoprophylaxis.

Moore DL, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):128-129.

 

Relaxation training for management of paediatric headache: A rapid review.

Thompson AP, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):103-114.

 

Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Gut Microbiota, and Brain Development: Role of the Brain-Gut Axis.

Niemarkt HJ, et al. Neonatology. 2019 Apr 11;115(4):423-431.

 

Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: Is there benefit for everyone?

Course CW, et al. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2019 Feb 28.

 

Ethical Issues in Perinatal Clinical Research.

Walsh V, et al. Neonatology. 2019 Apr 4;116(1):52-57.

 

Machine Learning in Medicine.

Rajkomar A, et al. N Engl J Med. 2019 Apr 4;380(14):1347-1358.

 

The child with an incessant dry cough.

Galway NC, et al. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2018 Aug 30.

 

ORIGINAL CLINICAL STUDIES

 

Association of Rhinovirus C Bronchiolitis and Immunoglobulin E Sensitization During Infancy With Development of Recurrent Wheeze.

Hasegawa K, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 1. 

 

Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Rhinoviruses, and Recurrent Wheezing: Unraveling the Riddle Opens New Opportunities for Targeted Interventions.

Ramilo O, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 1.

 

Effect of Gastric Residual Evaluation on Enteral Intake in Extremely Preterm Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Parker LA, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 29.

 

Lack of Efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 for the Treatment of Acute Gastroenteritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Szymański H, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Apr 25.

 

Flushing of peripheral intravenous catheters: A pilot, factorial, randomised controlled trial of high versus low frequency and volume in paediatrics.

Kleidon TM, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Apr 29.

 

The association between crowding within households and behavioural problems in children: Longitudinal data from the Southampton Women’s Survey.

Marsh R, et al.  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2019 Apr 29.

 

Genetic and Early-Life Environmental Influences on Dental Caries Risk: A Twin Study.

Silva MJ, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 26.

 

The Association of Paternal IQ With Autism Spectrum Disorders and its Comorbidities: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Gardner RM, et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019 Apr 23.

 

Rethinking ADHD intervention trials: feasibility testing of two treatments and a methodology.

Fibert P, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 24.

 

Long-term effect of methotrexate for childhood atopic dermatitis.

Purvis D, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Apr 23.

 

Sleep-Related Infant Suffocation Deaths Attributable to Soft Bedding, Overlay, and Wedging.

Erck Lambert AB, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 22.

 

Effect of Albuterol Premedication vs Placebo on the Occurrence of Respiratory Adverse Events in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomies: The REACT Randomized Clinical Trial.

von Ungern-Sternberg BS, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 22.

 

Duration of Immunity and Effectiveness of Diphtheria-Tetanus-Acellular Pertussis Vaccines in Children.

Domenech de Cellès M, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 22.

 

Contribution of Sensory Processing to Chronic Constipation in Preschool Children.

Little LM, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 12.

 

Postvaccination Febrile Seizure Severity and Outcome.

Deng L, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 19.

 

The effect of pediatric patient temperament on post-operative outcomes.

Uhl K, et al. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 Apr 18.

 

Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Patients’ Experiences With Treatment Decision-making.

Mack JW, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 18.

 

Evaluation of referrals for short stature: A retrospective chart review.

Yue D, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):e74-e77.

 

Respiratory Viruses Frequently Mimic Pertussis in Young Infants.

Damouni Shalabi R, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 May;38(5):e107-e109.

 

The Clinical Presentation of Pediatric Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infections-A Single Center Cohort.

Gordon O, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Apr 10.

 

Paediatric reference intervals are heterogeneous and differ considerably in the classification of healthy paediatric blood samples.

Alnor AB, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 17.

 

Investigating the need for routine ultrasound screening to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants born with breech presentation.

D’Alessandro M, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):e88-e93.

 

High-density Bacterial Nasal Carriage in Children Is Transient and Associated With Respiratory Viral Infections-Implications for Transmission Dynamics.

Thors V, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 May;38(5):533-538.

 

Children With Noncritical Infections Have Increased Intestinal Permeability, Endotoxemia and Altered Innate Immune Responses.

Sturgeon JP, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Apr 10.

 

The Role of Patient and Parental Resilience in Adolescents with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.

Gmuca S, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 10.

 

Proband and Familial Autoimmune Diseases Are Associated With Proband Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Spann MN, et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019 May;58(5):496-505.

 

Breastfeeding in Infancy and Lipid Profile in Adolescence.

Hui LL, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 9. pii: e20183075.

 

Classic Metaphyseal Lesions among Victims of Abuse.

Adamsbaum C, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 5.

 

Postextubation Dysphagia in Pediatric Populations: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes.

Hoffmeister J, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 3. pii: S0022-3476(19)30243-4.

 

Pediatric Septic Arthritis of the Knee: Predictors of Septic Hip Do Not Apply.

Obey MR, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr 3.

 

Association between hypotension and serious illness in the emergency department: an observational study.

Hagedoorn NN, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2019 Apr 4.

 

Association of In Vitro Fertilization With Childhood Cancer in the United States.

Spector LG, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 1:e190392.

 

Prenatal Omega-6:Omega-3 Ratio and Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms.

López-Vicente M, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Mar 22.

 

Molecular Genetic Anatomy and Risk Profile of Hirschsprung’s Disease.

Tilghman JM, et al. N Engl J Med. 2019 Apr 11;380(15):1421-1432.

 

GUIDELINES AND BEST EVIDENCE

 

AAP recommends isotonic maintenance intravenous fluid.

Segar JL. J Pediatr. 2019 May;208:294-297.

 

Why 0.9% saline is not normal.

Rasouli M. Pediatr Nephrol. 2019 Apr 1.

 

Cellulitis: oral versus intravenous and home versus hospital-what makes clinicians decide?

Ibrahim LF, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2019 Apr 20.

 

Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition.

Bronsky J, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 May;68(5):742-760.

 

European Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Respiratory Distress Syndrome – 2019 Update.

Sweet DG, et al. Neonatology. 2019 Apr 11;115(4):432-451.

 

Are there interventions that improve breastfeeding and the use of breast milk in late preterm infants?

Evans L, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Apr;55(4):477-480.

 

CASE REPORTS

 

Gaze Palsy: An Important Diagnostic Clue.

Madaan P, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 24.

 

When Posture Gives the Clue: “Jug Handle Deformity”.

Banerjee A, et al. J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 17.

 

A 10-year-old female with unilateral seventh cranial nerve palsy.

Gohal S, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):69-71.

 

A boy with developmental regression.

MacLellan K, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):67-68.

 

A Healthy Toddler With Fever and Lethargy.

Suri NA, et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 5. pii: e20180412.

 

Acute encephalopathy associated with influenza infection: Case report and review of the literature.

 

Albaker A, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;24(2):122-124.

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